Forests play a great factor in controlling flood. During rainy season, trees absorb water. Any flow of water is hampered by a cluster of trees; thus slowing down the flood’s descent.
Trees also hold back and delay the flow of rainwater to streams and rivers. The soil tend to have a more open area which results from greater amounts of organic matter. They are also drier during summer periods due to high water consumption of forests. These conditions enhance the ability of the soil to receive and store rainwater, which is commonly referred to as a ‘sponge effect’.
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